By Isabella Agrusa
After enduring a tyrannical government, the Founders of the United States were weary to delegate large amounts of power to their new government. Their first attempt at creating a constitution, The Articles of Confederation, had failed because there was not enough power given to the central government. In 1787, when the constitutional convention was held, the framers designed a system with more power, but still a limited government.
Through limiting the government's power, the possibility of our rights being violated diminishes. With an expansive and large government, it allows more opportunities for corruption and the misuse of power, leading to a more controlled state and individual’s life. The founders implemented a system of checks and balances between the three branches of government and outlined their delegated powers through the Constitution. They imposed these checks and balances to guarantee one branch does not overpower another.
The Bill of Rights was created to prevent the government from infringing on the people's liberties. This encompasses some of the people's essential rights, especially ones that had been previously violated under Britain's rule, and it specifically states what the government cannot do to its citizens. These rights have been promised to the people and cannot be taken away; the purpose of government is to protect the people and their rights.
The economy is one of the big beneficiaries of limited government. With limited government interference, supply and demand will trend towards their natural quantities and causes competition to increase where necessary, providing a feedback loop that allows for the proper equilibrium. With price controls in place, it disrupts where the balance should be for industry and could prevent the consumer from receiving the true market price, sometimes good, sometimes bad, but always where the market intends it to be. Limited government is also in favor of smaller budgets and lower tax rates. With fewer taxes, it allows people to have more disposable income and decide where their money goes.
As Abraham Lincoln once said, "Government of the people, by the people, and for the people…" is what limited government works to ensure and what we must work to maintain for our country.
Isabella currently attends Michigan State and will graduate in 2024.